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Una guerra italiana combattuta a Parigi: Bontempelli, “900” e i suoi avversari

Author:

Rosario Gennaro

UAntwerpen-Stadscampus Grote Kauwenberg 18 - S.D.420 2000 Antwerpen (Belgio), BE
About Rosario

Rosario Gennaro è docente di cultura italiana all’Università di Anversa. Si è laureato all’Università di Firenze. È stato borsista di ricerca all’Università Cattolica di Lovanio, dove ha conseguito il dottorato, e al Collège de France. Ha pubblicato in riviste tra cui «La Rassegna della Letteratura Italiana», «Revue des Etudes Italiennes», «Italianistica», «Revue de Littérature Comparée», «Studi Italiani», «Forum Italicum». I suoi studi riguardano principalmente Ungaretti, Bontempelli, il futurismo, le relazioni letterarie internazionali, le interazioni fra politica e cultura in epoca fascista.

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Abstract

An Italian war fought in Paris

Bontempelli, “900” and its opponents

“900”, directed by Massimo Bontempelli, was a French language journal published in Italy from 1926 to 1928. It had an international editing committee. This included exponents of Parisian “modernism”. Bontempelli wished to use the journal as a means to create a broad base of contacts in the French capital to create the conditions for his international literary legitimation. The journal’s publishing company was under Fascist control since Mussolini’s regime was promoting a policy referred to as “cultural expansion”. The aim of this policy was to increase the international influence of Italy via the spread of its culture. Since the French capital was the centre of international culture, Paris became an important destination of this “cultural expansion”. Bontempelli became an integral part of this policy, as he was in touch with the intellectuals and journals forming a part of it. “900” was therefore proposed as a journal created to spread Italian culture to Paris. However, it could not openly adopt the use of imperialist or nationalist language in order not to upset the collaborators in Paris. The Italian adversaries profited from this contradiction to fight Bontempelli and accused him of playing a double game in the eyes of Italian and French supporters. The disputes around the journal “900” thus concerned the relationship with Paris, but also involved above all players and motivations of the Italian literary scene.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18352/incontri.10317
How to Cite: Gennaro, R., 2020. Una guerra italiana combattuta a Parigi: Bontempelli, “900” e i suoi avversari. Incontri. Rivista europea di studi italiani, 34(2), pp.86–98. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/incontri.10317
Published on 31 Jan 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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